Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/5/2014
Publication Date: 4/10/2014
Citation: Zeng, H. 2014. Methylselenol, a selenium metabolite, inhibits colon cancer cell growth and cancer xenografts in C57BL/6 mice [abstract]. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference. 28(1):374.2.
Technical Abstract: Data indicate that methylselenol is a critical selenium (Se) metabolite for anticancer activity in vivo but its role in colon cancer prevention remains to be characterized. This study tested the hypothesis that methylselenol inhibits the growth of colon cancer cells and tumors. We found that submicromolar methylselenol exposure induced apoptosis and inhibited cell growth in cancerous colon HCT116 cells through a blockade of extracellular-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway, but to a much lesser extent in noncancerous NCM460 colon cells. Consistent with these in vitro observations, a daily single oral dose (0, 1 or 3 mg Se/kg body weight) of methylseleninic acid (MSeA), a methylselenol precursor, for 5 weeks inhibited colon tumor volume and tumor burden (weight) up to 61% when compared with control group, and this inhibition was associated with a reduction of plasma tumor necrosis factor (TNF alpha) level but high blood glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities in C57BL/6 mice supplemented with MSeA. Furthermore, we also found that MSeA (1 mg/kg body wt) increased the activation of caspase-3, a major apoptotic enzyme, in tumor tissues. Taken together, cancer cell specific inhibition, high blood GPx activities, caspase-3 activities in tumor tissue and a reduction of plasma TNF alpha may be part of the underlying molecular basis for Se’s protective effect against colon tumor growth.