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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Plant Polymer Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #299717

Research Project: IMPROVED UTILIZATION OF PROTEINACEOUS CROP CO-PRODUCTS AND RESIDUES

Location: Plant Polymer Research

Title: Impact of reaction conditions on architecture and rheological properties of starch graft polyacrylamide polymers

Author
item Selling, Gordon
item Xu, Jingyuan - James

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/25/2013
Publication Date: 3/20/2014
Citation: Selling, G.W., Xu, J. 2014. Impact of reaction conditions on architecture and rheological properties of starch graft polyacrylamide polymers. Meeting Abstract.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: We carried out experiments examining the impact that solvent selection and reaction conditions have on the radical initiated graft polymerization reaction of acrylamide onto starch. We have also evaluated the rheological properties the starch graftpolyacrylamide product when a gel is formed in water. It was found that when the reaction was carried out in DMSO, the molecular weight and the number of anhydroglucose units in between grafting sites (AGU/site) decreased. For example, when conducted in water, the number average molecular weight of the polyacrylamide grafts could be as high as 448822 with 6723 AGU/graft, when DMSO was the solvent the molecular weight could be as low as 14013 with 136 AGU/graft. These differences could be observed in the rheological properties of the resulting gels in water. The linear range rheological property analysis of the two types of gels (water and DMSO) suggested that water-made starch-polyacrylamide graft copolymers should be ‘weak’ gels at lower concentrations (<7%), but be ‘strong’ gels at higher concentrations (=9%); however, the DMSO-made starch-polyacrylamide graft copolymer should be ‘weak’ gels at all measured concentrations. The ability to control and generate starch graft polymers with dramatically different architecture may allow starch to be tuned to deliver improved properties for current or new applications.