Location: Systematic Entomology LaboratoryTitle: New neotropical species of Trupanea (Diptera: Tephritidae) with unusual wing patterns Author
Submitted to: Zootaxa
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/30/2014
Publication Date: 6/24/2014
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/61122
Citation: Norrbom, A.L., Neder, L.E. 2014. New neotropical species of Trupanea (Diptera: Tephritidae) with unusual wing patterns. Zootaxa. 3821(4):443-456. Interpretive Summary: Fruit flies include some of the most important pests of fruits and vegetables, annually causing billions of dollars in losses worldwide. Other species are beneficial as biological control agents of weedy plants. To prevent the spread of the pest species and properly utilize the beneficial species, it is important to know how to distinguish all of the species and to know where they occur and what plants they attack. This publication describes four new species from South America and provides descriptions and illustrations to distinguish them. The available distribution and host data are also provided. This information will be useful to APHIS-PPQ and other regulatory agencies responsible for quarantines to prevent the spread of pest fruit flies and for detecting new pest introductions into the U.S.
Technical Abstract: Four species of Trupanea (Diptera: Tephritidae) with unusual wing patterns are described from the Neotropical Region: T. dimorphica (Argentina), T. fasciata (Argentina), T. polita (Argentina and Bolivia), and T. trivittata (Argentina). Celidosphenella Hendel, 1914 and Melanotrypana Hering, 1944 are considered new synonyms of Trupanea, and the following species are transferred from Celidosphenella to Trupanea: Acinia bella Blanchard, 1852; Acanthiophilus benoisti Séguy, 1933; Tephritis diespasmena Schiner, 1868; Celidosphenella maculata Hendel, 1914; Sphenella poecila Schiner, 1868; Trypanea simulata Malloch, 1933; Trupanea stonei Stuardo, 1946; and Trypanea vidua Hering, 1942. Aphyllocladus spartioides Wedd. (Asteraceae: Mutisieae) is reported as a host plant for Trupanea dimorphica.