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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Cereal Crops Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #296478

Research Project: HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS IN BARLEY AND WHEAT

Location: Cereal Crops Research

Title: 'Prosper': A high-yielding hard red spring wheat cultivar adapted to the North Central Plains of the USA

Author
item MERGOUM, MOHAMED - North Dakota State University
item FROHBERG, RICHARD - Retired Non ARS Employee
item STACK, ROBERT - Retired Non ARS Employee
item SIMSEK, SENAY - North Dakota State University
item ADHIKARI, TIKA - North Dakota State University
item RASSMUSSEN, JACK - North Dakota State University
item ZHONG, SHAOBIN - North Dakota State University
item ACEVEDO, MARICELIS - North Dakota State University
item ALAMRI, MOHAMMED - King Saud University
item SINGH, PAWAN - International Maize & Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
item Friesen, Timothy
item ANDERSON, JAMES - University Of Minnesota

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/2012
Publication Date: 12/6/2012
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/57866
Citation: Mergoum, M., Frohberg, R.C., Stack, R.W., Simsek, S., Adhikari, T.B., Rassmussen, J.B., Zhong, S., Acevedo, M., Almri, M.S., Singh, P.K., Friesen, T.L., Anderson, J.A. 2013. 'Prosper': A high-yielding hard red spring wheat cultivar adapted to the North Central Plains of the USA. Journal of Plant Registrations. 7:75-80.

Interpretive Summary: ‘Prosper’ hard red spring wheat was developed at North Dakota State University and released jointly by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station because of its good adaptation to the spring-wheat-growing regions in the U.S. North Central Plains. However, the high yield potential of Prosper under high rainfall conditions makes it more adapted mainly to wheat-growing regions in eastern North Dakota, western Minnesota, and high-rainfall regions of neighboring states. It has high yield potential and good milling and baking properties. Prosper harbors resistance to several diseases including leaf rust, stem rust, and moderate resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB).

Technical Abstract: Providing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) growers and industry with adapted wheat cultivars with high-quality attributes is essential for maintaining wheat as a competitive crop in the spring-wheat growing region of the USA. Therefore, our breeding program aims to develop modern wheat cultivars using both traditional and modern breeding tools. ‘Prosper’ (Reg. No. CV- 1080, PI 662387) hard red spring wheat was developed at North Dakota State University and released jointly by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station because of its good adaptation to the spring-wheat-growing regions in the U.S. North Central Plains. However, the high yield potential of Prosper under high rainfall conditions makes it more adapted mainly to wheat-growing regions in eastern North Dakota, western Minnesota, and high-rainfall regions of neighboring states. It has high yield potential and good milling and baking properties. Gene postulation shows that Prosper has the Lr21 gene, which confers resistance to leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.). However, 2011 field observations show that Prosper is susceptible to a new race that overcomes the Lr21 gene. Prosper is resistant to stem rust (caused by Puccinia graminis Per.:Pers. f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn) and moderately resistant to Fusarium head blight (FHB), or scab [caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe; telomorph Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch].