|Chen, Thomas - University Of Connecticut|
|Lin, C - University Of Connecticut|
|Chen, M - University Of Connecticut|
|Lo, J - University Of Connecticut|
|Chiou, P - Academia Sinica|
|Gong, H - National Taiwan Ocean University|
|Wu, J - Academia Sinica|
|Chen, M.h. - Hungkuang University|
|Yarish, C - University Of Connecticut|
Submitted to: Agriculture Handbook
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/1/2013
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: This is a review article describing the current advances of techniques of producing genetic engineered marine organisms and the application of these techniques in aquaculture and other biotechnological applications to improve human life.
Technical Abstract: Marine organisms into which a foreign gene or noncoding DNA fragment is artificially introduced and stably integrated in their genomes are termed transgenic marine organisms. Since the first report in 1985, a wide range of transgenic fish and marine bivalve mollusks have been produced by microinjecting or electroporating homologous or heterologous transgenes into newly fertilized or unfertilized eggs and sperm. In the past few years, rapid advances of gene transfer technology has resulted in production of many genetically modified organisms (GMO) such as fish, crustacean, microalgae, macroalgae and sea urchin. These GMOs are valuable in assisting the advances of basic research as well as biotechnological applications. In this chapter, the principle of producing transgenic marine organisms and the application of the technology to produce genetic modified marine organisms in the hope of improving the quality of human life as well as the earth environments will be critically reviewed.