Submitted to: Journal of Food Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/7/2013
Publication Date: 1/28/2014
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/58413
Citation: Hus, H., Huang, L., Wu, S. 2014. Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in strawberry puree and its effect on anthocyanins and color. Journal of Food Science. 79(1):74-80. Interpretive Summary: Strawberry, if contaminated with E. coli O157:H7, must be pasteurized prior to consumption. This study was conducted to investigate the thermal inactivation kinetics of E. coli O157:H7 in strawberry puree, and evaluate the effect of thermal processing on anthocyanins, yeasts and molds, and color changes. The results of this study can be used by the food industry to develop effective thermal processes to pasteurize strawberry puree.
Technical Abstract: Raw whole strawberries, if contaminated with pathogens such as E. coli O157:H7, must be pasteurized prior to consumption. Therefore, the objective of this research was to investigate the thermal inactivation kinetics of E. coli O157:H7 in strawberry puree (SP), and evaluate the changes in anthocyanins and color, and the survival of yeasts and molds (YM) after thermal processing. Inoculated with a 5-strain cocktail, fresh SP, with or without added sugar (20 and 40 deg Brix), was heated at 50, 52, 54, 57.5, 60, and 62.5 deg C to determine the thermal resistance of E. coli O157:H7. In raw SP, the average D-values of E. coli O157:H7 were 909.1, 454.6, 212.8, 46.1, and 20.2 s at 50, 52, 54, 57.5, and 60 deg C, respectively, with a z-value of 5.9 deg C. While linearly decreasing with temperature, the log D values of E. coli O157:H7 increased slightly with sugar concentration. The log degradation rates of anthocyanins increased linearly with temperature, but decreased slightly with sugar concentrations. These results suggest that sugar may provide some protection to both E. coli O157: H7 and anthocyanins in SP. The browning index was not affected by heating at 50 and 52 deg C at low sugar concentrations, but increased by an average of 1.28%, 2.21%, and 10.1% per min when SP was exposed to heating at 54, 57.5, and 60 deg C, respectively. YM was also inactivated by heating. This study demonstrated that properly designed thermal processes can effectively inactivate E. coli O157:H7 and YM in contaminated SP, while minimizing the changes in anthocyanins and color.