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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Bio-oils Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #295639

Research Project: VEGETABLE OIL-BASED FUELS, ADDITIVES AND COPRODUCTS

Location: Bio-oils Research

Title: Biodiesel lubricity and other properties

Author
item Knothe, Gerhard - Gary

Submitted to: Surfactants in Tribology
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/7/2014
Publication Date: 11/21/2014
Citation: Knothe, G.H. 2014. Biodiesel lubricity and other properties. In: Biresaw, G., Mittal, K.L., editors. Surfactants in Tribology. Vol. IV. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press: Taylor & Francis Group. p. 483-500.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Biodiesel, defined as the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats, is an “alternative” diesel fuel that is becoming accepted in a steadily growing number of countries worldwide. Since the source of biodiesel varies with the location, and other sources such as recycled oils are continuously gaining interest, it is important to possess data on how the various fatty acid profiles of the different sources can influence biodiesel fuel properties. The properties of the various individual fatty esters that comprise biodiesel determine the overall fuel properties of the biodiesel fuel. In turn, the properties of the various fatty esters are determined by the structural features of the fatty acid and the alcohol moieties that comprise a fatty ester. Structural features that influence the physical and fuel properties of a fatty ester molecule are chain length, degree of unsaturation, and branching of the chain. Important fuel properties of biodiesel that are influenced by the fatty acid profile and, in turn, by the structural features of the various fatty esters are cetane number and, ultimately, exhaust emissions, cold flow, oxidative stability, viscosity, and lubricity.