Location: Application Technology ResearchTitle: Effect of acute heat stress on plant nutrient metabolism proteins Author
|Krause, Charles - Chuck|
Submitted to: Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/18/2013
Publication Date: 4/20/2013
Citation: Giri, A., Mishra, S., Heckathorn, S., Frantz, J., Krause, C.R. 2013. Effect of acute heat stress on plant nutrient metabolism proteins. Symposium Proceedings. 4th Annual University of Toledo Graduate Student Association Midwest Graduate Research Symposium, April 20, 2013, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Abrupt heating decreased the levels (per unit total root protein) of all but one of the nutrient metabolism proteins examined, and for most of the proteins, effects were greater for severe vs. moderate heat stress. For many of the nutrient metabolism proteins, initial effects of heat (1 d) were reversed by day 6 of heating or within 7 d of post-heat recovery, indicating acclimation during the heat treatment or rapid recovery from it. Root growth, respiration, and %N were decreased by heat, especially severe vs. moderate heat, and recovery of root growth and respiration was incomplete even after 7 d for the severe heat treatment. Hence, roots are very sensitive to damage from high temperatures. Because heat stress decreases root growth, %N (and thus total protein per g root), respiration (and thus ATP production), as well as decreasing levels of many nutrient metabolism proteins , heat stress will have a pronounced overall negative impact on total plant nutrient uptake and assimilation capacity for many nutrients. These results indicate that increases in heat waves with global climate change will negatively impact plant, including crop, nutrient relations.