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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


Location: Hard Winter Wheat Genetics Research

Title: 'Billings' wheat combines early maturity, disease resistance, and desirable grain quality for the Southern Great Plains of the USA

item Hunger, R.m.
item Edwards, J.t.
item Bowden, Robert - Bob
item Yan, L.
item Rayas-duarte, P.
item Bai, Guihua
item Horn, G.w.
item Kolmer, James - Jim
item Giles, K.
item Chen, Ming-shun
item Jin, Yue
item Osburn, R.d.
item Bales, M.b.
item Seabourn, Bradford - Brad
item Klatt, A.r.
item Carver, B.f.

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/3/2013
Publication Date: 10/4/2013
Publication URL:
Citation: Hunger, R., Edwards, J., Bowden, R.L., Yan, L., Rayas-Duarte, P., Bai, G., Horn, G., Kolmer, J.A., Giles, K., Chen, M., Jin, Y., Osburn, R., Bales, M., Seabourn, B.W., Klatt, A., Carver, B. 2013. 'Billings' wheat combines early maturity, disease resistance, and desirable grain quality for the Southern Great Plains of the USA. Journal of Plant Registrations. 8:22-31.

Interpretive Summary: The new hard red winter wheat cultivar ‘Billings’, released in 2009 by the Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station, was derived from a cross of Great Plains × eastern European germplasm lines. It has improved fungal disease resistance, large kernel size, superior yielding ability, and favorable quality. Billings is widely adapted to the region and seed is available for commercial production.

Technical Abstract: Selection pressure for earliness, resistance to multiple pathogens, and quality attributes consistent with the hard red winter (HRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) market class is tantamount to, or can obscure, selection for yield potential in lower elevations of the U.S. southern Great Plains. The decline in acreage of ‘Jagger’ (Reg. No. CV-836, P1 593688) only impelled this inclination as producers searched for substitutes in the Jagger maturity and yield range but with improved disease protection and similar quality attributes to which end users had become accustomed. Our objective was to certify those very strengths in the HRW wheat cultivar ‘Billings’ (Reg. No., PI 656843), released in 2009 by the Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station. The cross from which Billings was selected, OK94P597/N566, underscores a historically important dual breeding objective of the Oklahoma State University wheat improvement program: to identify improved fungal disease resistance in, and capitalize on the perceived heterotic pattern among, progeny derived from Great Plains × eastern European crosses. Billings is the bulked descendent of an F4:5 line, and was tested as experimental line OK03522. Large kernel size and superior yielding ability reflect Billings’ resistance to diseases prevalent in Oklahoma and surrounding states. Its favorable dough strength is expressed as exceptional recovery of isolated gluten fractions from compressive deformation.

Last Modified: 10/19/2017
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