Location: Cotton Ginning ResearchTitle: Unloading system PM10 emission factors and rates for cotton gins
Submitted to: World Wide Web
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/25/2013
Publication Date: 1/25/2013
Citation: Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., Boykin Jr, J.C., Holt, G.A. 2013. Unloading system PM2.5 emission factors and rates for cotton gins. National Cotton Gin Technical Reports. Report #OSU12-15. Available: http://buser.bioen.okstate.edu/air-quality/national-cotton-gin-technical-reports.
Technical Abstract: This manuscript is part of a series of manuscripts that characterize cotton gin emissions from the standpoint of stack sampling. The impetus behind this project was the urgent need to collect additional cotton gin emissions data to address current regulatory issues. A key component of this study was focused on EPA PM10 emission factors. EPA AP-42 emission factors are generally assigned a rating that is used to assess the quality of the data being referenced. The ratings can range from A (Excellent) to E (Poor). EPA current PM10 emission factor quality ratings for cotton gins are extremely low. Cotton gin data received these low ratings because it was collected almost exclusively from a single geographical region. The objective for this study was to collect additional PM10 emission factor data, based on Method 201A, the EPA approved stack sampling methodology, for unloading systems from cotton gins located in regions across the cotton belt. The project plan included sampling seven cotton gins across the cotton belt. Key factors for selecting specific cotton gins included: 1) facility location (geographically diverse), 2) industry representative production capacity, 3) typical processing systems and 4) equipped with properly designed and maintained 1D3D cyclones. Three of the seven gins had unloading systems that used pneumatic conveyance and had exhaust airstreams that were not combined with another system. In terms of capacity, the three gins were typical of the industry; averaging 26.1 bales/hr during testing. The system emission factors for PM10 and total particulate were 0.107 kg/bale (0.237 lb/bale) and 0.131 kg/bale (0.289 lb/bale), respectively. The PM10 emission rate test averages ranged from 1.16 to 3.99 kg/hr (2.57 to 8.79 lb/hr). The ratio of PM10 to total particulate was 81.9%.