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ARS Home » Plains Area » College Station, Texas » Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center » Insect Control and Cotton Disease Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #288036


Location: Insect Control and Cotton Disease Research

Title: Developing Low (-)-Gossypol Cottonseed for use in Broiler Production

item Namazov, Shadman
item Yuldosheva, R
item Rakhimov, T
item Amanturdiev, A
item Stipanovic, Robert - Bob
item Bell, Alois - Al
item Khaitov, Vladimir
item Uzbekov, V
item Veshkurova, Olga
item Golubenko, Zamira

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/17/2013
Publication Date: 7/6/2013
Citation: Namazov, S., Yuldosheva, R., Rakhimov, T., Amanturdiev, A., Stipanovic, R.D., Bell, A.A., Khaitov, V.R., Uzbekov, V.V., Veshkurova, O., Golubenko, Z. 2013. Developing low (-)-gossypol cottonseed for use in broiler production. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conference, January 7-10, 2013, San Antonio, Texas. p. 747.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Cottonseed can not be used directly as a feed for non-ruminant animals because it contains the toxin gossypol which occurs as (+)-gossypol and (-)-gossypol enantiomers. Only the latter shows a high level of toxicity. Under the project of CRDF Uzb2-31001-TA-08 we conducted experiments on developing varieties that exhibit a low percentage of (-)-gossypol in seed. The objective of our research was to develop germplasm with a low percentage of (-)-gossypol in seeds and use the meal from this seed to feed chickens. Breeding Uzbek cotton varieties and USA accessions we selected positive recombinants with a low percentage of (-)-gossypol in seeds. Results of this investigation has resulted in the development of the cotton line HPG-1 that exhibits the low percentage (-)-gossypol seed trait and also has good agronomic properties. Meal derived from seed from lines exhibiting the low (-)-gossypol seed trait were incorporated into chicken diets in place of soybean meal. Results of feeding this meal to chiockens will be presented.