Submitted to: Entomological Experimental Applied
Publication Type: Peer reviewed journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/7/2013
Publication Date: 9/1/2013
Citation: Holloway, B.A., Tarver, M.R., Rinderer, T.E. 2013. An economical and effective high-throughput DNA extraction protocol for molecular marker analysis in honey bees. Entomological Experimental Applied. 148:196-200. Interpretive Summary: We have developed a technique for extracting DNA from honey bee samples for use in analysis of honey bee genetics. This technique is extremely cost efficient, non-hazardous, and fast. It also requires much less labor in preparing the samples for the DNA extraction than traditional honey bee DNA extraction methods. By using a mixture of essentially salt, soap and rubbing alcohol, we can obtain high quality DNA that can be used directly for molecular biology analysis.
Technical Abstract: Extraction of DNA from tissue samples can be expensive both in time and monetary resources and can often require handling and disposal of hazardous chemicals. We have developed a high throughput protocol for extracting DNA from honey bees that is of a high enough quality and quantity to enable hundreds of PCR reactions from a single extract, yet is extremely cost effective and non-hazardous. By utilizing high sodium chloride concentrations we can decant contaminating proteins in a buoyant conglomeration while retaining a highly pure DNA pellet. This method generates sufficient DNA to enable downstream applications such as molecular marker analysis useful for QTL studies and mapping in honey bees.