Location: Natural Products Utilization ResearchTitle: Isolation and identification of flavobacterium columnare and Steptococcus iniae antibacterial compounds from the terrestrial plant Atraphaxis laetevirens Author
Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/3/2012
Publication Date: 10/3/2012
Citation: Nakoano, H., Schrader, K., Mamonov, L.K., Kustova, T.S., Mursaliyeva, V.K., Cantrell, C.L. 2012. Isolation and identification of flavobacterium columnare and Steptococcus iniae antibacterial compounds from the terrestrial plant Atraphaxis laetevirens. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 60:10415-10419. Interpretive Summary: Common bacterial diseases of pond-raised channel catfish cause extreme economic losses to producers annually. Several natural compounds isolated from the extract obtained from a plant found in the Republic of Kazakhstan were found to possess significant antibacterial activities against two types of bacteria that cause disease in channel catfish.
Technical Abstract: Columnaris disease, enteric septicemia of catfish, and streptococcosis are common bacterial diseases of certain freshwater fish and are caused by Flavobacterium columnare, Edwardsiella ictaluri, and Streptococcus iniae, respectively. Various plants were selected to evaluate, isolate, and identify compounds with toxicity against these bacteria. A promising extract from the aerial parts of the terrestrial plant Atraphaxis laetevirens (Ledeb.) Jaub. et Spach (Polygonaceae Juss.) was selected for bioassay-guided fractionation using a rapid microplate bioassay. The active dichloromethane extract underwent liquid-liquid partitioning, and active fractions were further separated by normal phase column chromatography and normal phase HPLC. Nepodin and emodin were isolated from two fractions with strong toxicities against S. iniae. A chloroform fraction was further separated by normal phase column chromatography to yield two active fractions against F. columnare, and these fractions contained chrysophanol, physcion, and nepodin. Chrysophanol had strong activity and nepodin had moderate activity against F. columnare while physcion and emodin were not toxic at the concentrations tested.