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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC AND BIOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF AVIAN TUMOR VIRUS PATHOGENICITY, TRANSMISSION, AND EVOLUTION

Location: Avian Disease and Oncology Research

Title: Marek’s disease virus encoded ribonucleotide reductase large subunit is essential for in vivo replication and plays a critical role in viral pathogenesis.)

Author
item Sun, Aijun
item Lee, Lucy
item Heidari, Mohammad
item Zhang, Huanmin
item Lupiani, Blanca
item Reddy, Sanjay

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/24/2012
Publication Date: 6/24/2012
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/56733
Citation: Sun, A., Lee, L.F., Heidari, M., Zhang, H., Lupiani, B., Reddy, S.M. 2012. Marek’s disease virus encoded ribonucleotide reductase large subunit is essential for in vivo replication and plays a critical role in viral pathogenesis [abstract]. 9th International Symposium on Marek's Disease and Avian Herpesviruses, June 24-28, 2012, Freie Universitat Berlin. p. 60.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Marek’s disease virus encodes a ribonucleotide reductase (RR) that consists of two subunits namely RR1 and RR2, both of which associate to form an active holoenzyme and both subunits are necessary for enzyme activity. It is an essential enzyme for the conversion of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. MDV RR is abundantly expressed in the cytoplasm of MDV infected duck embryo fibroblasts as well as in chickens infected with MDV as determined using a monoclonal antibody specific for RR. We have generated a recombinant MDV in which RR1 was deleted (rMd5BAC'rr) and a revertant rMd5BAC'rrR. The RR deletion mutant grew significantly slower than the parent rMd5BAC whereas the revertant virus grew similar to the parental virus in vitro. Pathogenesis studies showed that the revertant virus functions similarly to that of parental virus whereas RR deletion virus did not replicate in vivo thus did not induced tumor in chickens. Our results show that RR is essential for MDV replication in vivo, and plays a critical role in viral pathogenesis.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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