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ARS Home » Plains Area » College Station, Texas » Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center » Crop Germplasm Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #277804

Title: Variation in seed oil and protein content among diverse cotton (Gossypium sp.) germplasm

item HORN, PATRICK - University Of North Texas
item BREWER, SHANA - University Of North Texas
item ROBINSON, JOEL - University Of North Texas
item RODRIGUEZ, ROBERTO - University Of North Texas
item SHANG, ZHENHUA - University Of North Texas
item WHEELER, NICK - University Of North Texas
item Hinze, Lori
item Percy, Richard
item CHAPMAN, KENT - University Of North Texas

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/6/2012
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Cottonseed embryos are comprised of oil and protein reserves that serve as a vital carbon, nitrogen and energy source during seed germination. These storage compounds also are a source of commercial vegetable oil and protein meal. Most historical surveys for quantifying either seed oil and/or protein use chemical-based extractions that are time-consuming and destructive. Low-field, time-domain 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR) represents a rapid, non-destructive, method for simultaneously quantifying oil (R2 = 0.99) and protein (R2 = 0.97) levels within cottonseed embryos. This method permits accurate, non-destructive quantification of seed reserves with a minimal amount of material for screening large collections of diverse germplasm. Analysis of representative samples of the U.S. cotton germplasm collection revealed that the hybridization of selected cotton species (i.e. hirsutum, barbadense, etc.) appears to have minimized variability in seed protein and oil content. Oil and protein data will be used for identifying accessions that might be useful for breeding programs interested in manipulation of these seed traits.