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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Reducing watershed scale phosphorus export through integrated management practices

item King, Kevin
item Balogh, James

Submitted to: Turfgrass and Environmental Research Summary
Publication Type: Research Notes
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/29/2011
Publication Date: 1/4/2012
Citation: King, K.W., Balogh, J.C. 2012. Reducing watershed scale phosphorus export through integrated management practices. Turfgrass and Environmental Research Summary. 10(24):30.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Phosphorus losses from golf course have been documented and are comparable to losses from agriculture and urban areas. Integrated management practices are required to address the problem. An integrated management approach using filter socks and limiting the amount of phosphorus applied to the golf course is being investigated. The project is a three year study. In year one filter socks will be installed, in year two phosphorus application will be limited, in year three a combination of the practices will be tested. Filter socks containing a blend of blast furnace slag, cement kiln dust, and silica sand were installed around surface inlets on a portion of Northland Country Club Golf Course in Duluth, MN in early April. Hydrology and water quality data have been collected and is being analyzed.

Last Modified: 10/18/2017
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