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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Laboratory for Agriculture and The Environment » Soil, Water & Air Resources Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #275775

Research Project: MANAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCE SYSTEMS TO REDUCE ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS AND INCREASE RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE CHANGE

Location: Soil, Water & Air Resources Research

Title: Partitioning evapotranspiration into evaporation and transpiration in a corn field

Author
item Xiao, Xinhua - Iowa State University
item Sauer, Thomas - Tom
item Singer, Jeremy - Basf Plant Science Llc
item Horton, Robert - Iowa State University
item Heitman, Joshua - North Carolina State University
item Ren, Tusheng - China Agricultural University

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/15/2011
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Evapotranspiration (ET) is a main component of the hydrology cycle. It consists of soil water evaporation (E) and plant transpiration (T). Accurate partitioning of ET into E and T is challenging. We measured soil water E using heat pulse sensors and a micro-Bowen ratio system, T using stem flow gauges, and ET using an eddy covariance system in a corn (Zea mays L.) field. Potential ET was also calculated with the Priestley-Taylor equation. The dynamic soil water E estimates from heat pulse sensors agreed well with those from the micro-Bowen ratio system, and the differences of the daily soil water E estimates from heat pulse and micro-Bowen ratio methods were within 0.3 mm. ET estimates from the sum of measured heat pulse E and stem flow T, from eddy covariance measurements, and from Priestley-Taylor calculations had similar trends. During the measurement period, measured E+T and eddy covariance ET accounted for 84% and 61% of potential ET, respectively. E and T accounted for 8% and 92%, respectively, of the sum of the measured E+T. The heat pulse method and the micro-Bowen ratio method are promising ways to measure soil water E, and they are useful for partitioning ET into E and T in a cropped field.