Submitted to: Journal of Genomics
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/16/2011
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary: Fat cell formation provides cells capable of assimilating and accumulating lipid from the blood stream. Fat breakdown and processing is important for subsequent use when energy is required. Gene regulation of each are different so it is important to provide elementary information regarding these processes. It is critical to increasing the efficiency of animal production to understand the important aspects of fat cell formation and fat breakdown and processing.
Technical Abstract: Adipogenesis is the initial component of forming cells (adipocytes) capable of assimilating lipid. Lipid metabolism is a physiological process whereby lipid is stored as triacylglycerol for subsequent use when energy is required. Both processes involve cellular and molecular components. The gene regulation of each are different and (yet) confusingly, markers for both are used interchangably. The focus of this paper is to provide elementary information regarding both processes and to introduce this issue of Journal of Genomics, whereby important aspects of adipogenesis and lipid metabolism involving gene expression are provided.