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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


Location: Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research

Title: The Amsterdam declaration on fungal nomenclature

item Hawksworth, David
item Crous, Pedro
item Redhead, Scott
item Reynolds, Don
item Samson, Robert
item Seifort, Keith
item Taylor, John
item Samson, Robert
item Abaci, Ozlem
item Asan, Ahmet
item Bai, Feng-yan
item De Beer, Wilhelm
item Begerow, Dominik
item Boekhout, Teun
item Buzina, Walter
item Cai, Lei
item Cannon, Paul
item Damm, Ulrike
item Daniel, Heidi-marie
item Demirel, Rasime
item Van Diepeningen, Anne
item Eberhardt, Ursula
item Fell, Jack
item Frisvad, Jens
item Geml, Jozsef
item Glienke, Chirlei
item Groenwald, Marizeth
item Gueho-kellermanne, Eveline
item Hong, Seung-beom
item Houbraken, Jos
item Huhndorf, Sabine
item Hyde, Kevin
item Johnston, Peter
item Koljalg, Urmas
item Kurtzman, Cletus
item Lagneau, Paul-emile
item Levesque, C. Andre
item Liu, Xingzhong
item Lombard, Lorenzo
item Meyer, Wieland
item Miller, Andrew
item Minter, David
item Najafzadeh, Mohammad
item Ozerskaya, Svetlana
item Pennycook, Shaun
item Peterson, Stephen - Steve
item Pettersson, Olga
item Quaedvlieg, William
item Robert, Vincent
item Ruibal, Constantino
item Schnurer, Johan
item Schoers, Hans-josef
item Slippers, Bernard
item Spierenburg, Henk
item Taskin, Evrim
item Thrane, Ulf
item Uztan, Alev Haliki
item Varga, Janos
item Vasco, Aida
item Videira, Sandra
item De Vries, Ronald
item Weir, Bevan
item Yilmaz, Neriman
item Yurkov, Andrey

Submitted to: IMA Fungus
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/7/2011
Publication Date: 6/7/2011
Citation: Hawksworth, D.L., Crous, P.W., Redhead, S.A., Reynolds, D.R., Samson, R.A., Seifort, K.A., Taylor, J.W., Samson, R.A., Abaci, O., Asan, A., Bai, F., De Beer, W.Z., Begerow, D., Boekhout, T., Buzina, W., Cai, L., Cannon, P.F., Damm, U., Daniel, H., Demirel, R., Van Diepeningen, A.D., Eberhardt, U., Fell, J.W., Frisvad, J.C., Geml, J., Glienke, C., Groenwald, M., Gueho-Kellermanne, E., Hong, S., Houbraken, J., Huhndorf, S.M., Hyde, K.D., Johnston, P.R., Koljalg, U., Kurtzman, C.P., Lagneau, P., Levesque, C., Liu, X., Lombard, L., Meyer, W., Miller, A., Minter, D.W., Najafzadeh, M.J., Ozerskaya, S.M., Pennycook, S.R., Peterson, S.W., Pettersson, O.V., Quaedvlieg, W., Robert, V.A., Ruibal, C., Schnurer, J., Schoers, H., Slippers, B., Spierenburg, H., Taskin, E., Thrane, U., Uztan, A., Varga, J., Vasco, A., Videira, S.I., De Vries, R.P., Weir, B.S., Yilmaz, N., Yurkov, A. 2011. The Amsterdam declaration on fungal nomenclature. IMA Fungus. 2(1):105-112.

Interpretive Summary: Certain micro-fungi possess several very different appearances dependent on the environmental conditions. To date, the different appearances have been given different names, even though they are parts of the same species. This is different from all other organisms, where a single name is allowed for each species, even if it has different appearances in different stages of its life. In order to unify the naming system for all biology, and in order to make information retrieval easier by having only one name for each species, we propose changes to the rules for naming fungi in order to bring fungal naming systems into conformity with the naming systems for all other living organisms.

Technical Abstract: The Amsterdam Declaration on Fungal Nomenclature was developed at a international symposium convened in Amsterdam on 19-20 April 2011 under the auspices of the International Commission on the Taxonomy of Fungi (ICTF). The purpose of the symposium was to address the issue of whether or how the current system of naming pleomorphic fungi should be maintained or changed now molecular data were becoming routinely available. The issue is urgent as mycologists currently follow different practices, and no consensus was achieved by a Special Committee appointed in 2005 by the International Botanical Congress to advise on the problem. The Declaration recommends the deletion of Article 59 from the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (with provisions to protect names that would otherwise then be endangered), proposes that the first author to select a name of a pleomorphic genus or species be followed, and suggests the establishment of a body to advise or rule on controversial cases. The Declaration also strongly endorsed the move towards the greater independence of mycological from botanical nomenclature, and favoured progress towards either the BioCode, or a MycoCode based on the Draft BioCode (2011) if progress towards the BioCode was delayed. In addition, the need to develop requirements for the naming of fungi known only from environmental sequence data was recognized, and a possible example of how that could be done is included as a basis for further debate. The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Fungi (ICTF) was regarded as the body that should be mandated to oversee and implement the Declaration.

Last Modified: 06/28/2017
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