Submitted to: Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/16/2011
Publication Date: 8/8/2011
Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2011. 2007-2008 What We Eat In America, NHANES Tables 37-40. Available: www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=18349.
Interpretive Summary: Data tables summarizing vitamin and mineral intakes from both food and dietary supplements for the U.S. population have been developed for use by government groups, nutrition researchers, and the general public. The Food Surveys Research Group of the Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center has analyzed dietary supplement use and dietary intake data from the What We Eat In America (WWEIA), National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2008 and developed 4 tables that add to the 36 tables already published. The new tables report total nutrient intakes for all individuals as well as for supplement users and non-users by age/gender groups, by race/ethnicity groups, and by family income. These new tables represent a major advance in reporting total intakes that include estimates of nutrient intake from dietary supplements. All tables are available on the FSRG Web site: www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/fsrg. The availability and enhanced accessibility of these new tables are of benefit to users in need of current population-level information on total nutrient intakes of Americans.
Technical Abstract: The widespread use of dietary supplements can contribute substantially to nutrient intakes; however, collection methods for dietary supplements and food intakes have limited the ability to estimate total nutrient intakes for the U.S. population. As of 2007, supplement usage was collected as part of the 24-hour dietary recall interview in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The Food Surveys Research Group of the Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center has analyzed both supplement use and dietary intake data from What We Eat In America (WWEIA), NHANES 2007-2008 and released 4 tables that add to the current series of 36 tables already published for the 2-year survey release. The new tables report nutrient intakes from food, dietary supplements, and food plus supplements for 22 vitamins and minerals captured in NHANES data collection. Estimated means and standard errors are provided for all individuals as well as for supplement users and non-users by age/gender groups, race/ethnicity groups, and income categories. Race/ethnicity groups include non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic. Income data are reported as annual family income, as well as a percentage of the Federal poverty threshold. In WWEIA, NHANES, dietary intakes are collected using the USDA 24-hour dietary recall method: the 5-step Automated Multiple Pass Method. Each year data are collected from a nationally representative sample of 5,000 individuals and released at 2-year intervals. All tables are available on the FSRG Web site: www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/fsrg.