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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fayetteville, Arkansas » Poultry Production and Product Safety Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #261518

Title: Serum peptide changes in chickens with metabolic skeletal problems associated with lameness

item Rath, Narayan
item RASAPUTRA, KOMAL - University Of Arkansas
item LIYANAGE, R - University Of Arkansas
item OKIMOTO, R - University Of Arkansas
item LAY, J - University Of Arkansas

Submitted to: American Institute of Physics
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/5/2011
Publication Date: 6/21/2011
Citation: Rath, N.C., Rasaputra, K.S., Liyanage, R., Okimoto, R., Lay, J. 2011. Serum peptide changes in chickens with metabolic skeletal problems associated with lameness. Biology, Nantechnology, Toxicology, and Applications - American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings. 1326:177-183.

Interpretive Summary: Broiler chickens with fast growth rate succumb to a variety of leg problems that cause lameness due to skeletal weakness. We think that the increased blood levels of this protein fragment may be useful to diagnose leg problems without killing the birds. To find whether these problems can be diagnosed without killing the birds before the clinical condition sets in, we examined certain blood components called peptides in birds with and without lameness. We found the breakdown product of a protein named type XI collagen which is increased in chickens with the leg problem called tibial dyschondroplasia that affects their knee joints.

Technical Abstract: Serum proteins and peptides have potential as biomarkers since they form the structural and functional basis of tissues and are involved in metabolic and regulatory processes. Changes in their profiles or their breakdown products have been of interest as potential biomarkers. Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) and femoral head separation (FHS) are two metabolic skeletal problems in poultry that cause lameness. The objective of this study was to identify serum peptide changes associated with lameness in poultry that may be predictive of the disease and may help in eliminating these hereditary defects from the genetic pool. Serum peptides were extracted from six-wk-old chickens with or without the above leg problems using C18 magnetic beads and analyzed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Differentially expressed peptides were analyzed in the m/z range of 1,000-10,000 using ClinproTool**TM software. Twenty two peaks from TD and 20 from FHS affected chickens were compared with their respective controls. The spectral peaks were identified using mass spectrometry followed by a data base search. Some of the peptides identified were hemostasis associated breakdown products. No differentially expressed peptide was detected in FHS but a peptide with m/z 5308.1 was elevated in chickens with TD (p less than or equal to 0.05). It was identified as a fragment of alpha 1 type-XI isoform 1. Type XI collagen is a cartilage specific extracellular matrix protein that is involved in the organization of other collagens and maintains extracellular matrix integrity. Its breakdown product may indicate cartilage degeneration in tibial dyschondroplasia thus may serve as a surrogate marker for this problem.