Submitted to: Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/8/2011
Publication Date: 5/24/2011
Citation: Jackson, M.D., Marshall, S.A., Hanner, R., Norrbom, A.L. 2011. The fruit flies (Tephritidae) of Ontario. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification. 15:1-251. Interpretive Summary: Fruit flies include some of the most important pests of fruits and vegetables, annually causing billions of dollars in losses worldwide. Other species are beneficial as biological control agents of weedy plants. To prevent the spread of the pest species and properly utilize the beneficial species, it is critical that accurate and rapid taxonomic tools (descriptions, illustrations, identification keys, DNA sequences) are available for all species of fruit flies, wherever they occur. This publication provides such tools for the fruit flies occurring in the Canadian province of Ontario. This information will be useful to APHIS-PPQ and other regulatory agencies responsible for quarantine to prevent the spread of pest fruit flies and for detecting new pest introductions into the United States.
Technical Abstract: Thirteen species of Tephritidae are newly recorded from Ontario, and alternative format keys are provided to the 31 genera and 72 species of fruit fly now known from, or likely to occur, in the province. Standard dichotomous keys to genera, and simplified field keys to genera and species are provided. Keys are illustrated with approximately 700 color photographs, and species treatments are supplemented with multiple identification aids, including Ontario distribution maps for each species. To aid in identification of immature stages, we have included sequence data (DNA barcodes) for 41 of the 72 species examined.