Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/5/2011
Publication Date: 5/1/2011
Citation: He, Z. 2011. Environmental chemistry of animal manure. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers. 459 p.
Technical Abstract: Animal manure is traditionally regarded as a valuable resource of plant nutrients. However, there is an increasing environmental concern associated with animal manure utilization due to high and locally concentrated volumes of manure produced in modern intensified animal production. Although considerable research has been conducted on environmental impacts and best management practices, the environmental chemistry of animal manure has not developed accordingly. Accurate and insightful knowledge of the environmental chemistry of animal manure is needed to effectively utilize animal manure while reducing its adverse environmental impacts. The primary goals of this book are to (1) synthesize and analyze the basic knowledge and latest research on the environmental chemistry of animal manure, (2) stimulate new research ideas and directions in this area, and (3) promote applications of the knowledge derived from basic research in the development and improvement of applied, sustainable manure management strategies in the field. This book covers organic matter characterization, nitrogen and volatile compounds, phosphorus forms and lability, and heavy metals and environmental concerns in 18 chapters written by accomplished experts in the relevant fields. This book will serve as a valuable reference source for university faculty, graduate students, extension specialists, animal and soil scientists, agricultural engineers, and government regulators who work and deal with various aspects of animal manure.