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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Madison, Wisconsin » U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center » Cell Wall Biology and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #254745

Title: On-farm Preservation and Pretreatment of Perennial Grasses for Fuel Ethanol Production

item Digman, Matthew
item Shinners, Kevin
item Casler, Michael
item Dien, Bruce
item Hatfield, Ronald
item Jung, Hans Joachim
item Muck, Richard
item Weimer, Paul

Submitted to: American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/21/2010
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Recently, wet storage methods have been proposed for feedstock preservation and on-farm storage of perennial grass and corn stover biomass. The advantages over a dry storage system include lower risk of fire, reduced harvest costs, and improved feedstock susceptibility to enzymatic hydrolysis. We believe that wet storage systems may also present a unique opportunity to add value to the feedstock through chemical or biological pretreatment. In-storage pretreatments at ambient temperature and pressure but prolonged reaction times may lower pretreatment costs and provide better return for farmers. Our research investigates the ability of on-farm pretreatments with dilute acid, alkali, ozone or novel enzymes to improve enzymatic degradability of cellulose and hemicelluloses in biomass at the biorefinery.