Submitted to: Southwestern Entomologist
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/2009
Publication Date: 12/20/2009
Citation: Seawright, E.K., Rister, M.E., Lacewell, R.D., McCorkle, D.A., Sturdivant, A.W., Yang, C., Goolsby, J. 2009. Economic implications for the biological control of Arundo donax: Rio Grande Basin. Southwestern Entomologist. 34(4):377-393. Interpretive Summary: Biological control of insects and weeds has provided substantial benefits to natural ecosystems. This article reviews biological control of Arundo donax in terms of the economic benefits to agriculture in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. The economic model is based on the assumption that biological control of Arundo donax, also known as carrizo cane or giant reed, will lead to water conservation as this invasive weed uses a lot of water, especially where it grows along the Rio Grande River. The value of the conserved water is calculated for agriculture. The cost of the program is compared to the potential benefits which show that even modest amounts of water conservation will be worth the initial investment in biological control.
Technical Abstract: Giant reed, Arundo donax L., is a large bamboo-like plant native to the Mediterranean region. It has invaded several thousand hectares of the Rio Grande riparian habitat in Texas and Mexico. The United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) is investigating four herbivore insects as potential biological control agents for giant reed. One of the most important reasons for targeting this invasive weed is to reduce its impact on available water supplies, especially in the Rio Grande Basin. This study examined selected economic implications of this program for agricultural water users in the U.S. The research included (a) estimating the value of the water saved (to agricultural purposes) by reduction of giant reed, (b) benefit-cost analyses, (c) regional economic impact analyses, and (d) an estimate of the per-unit life-cycle cost of water saved during a 50-year planning horizon (2009 through 2058). Positive results related to the benefit-cost ratio, economic impact analyses, and competitive results for the per-unit life-cycle cost of saving water are associated with the biological control project for giant reed. The benefit-cost ratio, calculated with normalized prices, indicates $4.38 of benefits for every dollar of public investment. According to 2009 results for the economic impact analyses, economic output is $22,000, value-added is $11,000, and no employment is supported by the water savings from giant reed. Additionally, the per-unit cost of water saved is $44.08, a value comparable to other projects designed to increase water supply for the region. These results indicate this program will have positive net economic implications for the U.S. and the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.