Location: Plant Genetic Resources ResearchTitle: RosBREED: Enabling Marker-Assisted Breeding In Rosaceae Author
|Van De Weg, Eric|
Submitted to: Plant and Animal Genome Conference
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/15/2009
Publication Date: 1/9/2010
Citation: Iezonni, A., Peace, C., Main, D., Bassil, N.V., Luby, J., Yue, C., Van De Weg, E., Weebadde, C., Fazio, G., Bink, M., Brown, S., Byrne, D., Clark, J., Crisosto, C., Davis, T., Evans, K., Finn, C.E., Gallardo, K., Gasic, K., Gradziel, T., Hancock, J., Jussaume, R., Mccracken, V., Oraguzie, N., Reighard, G., Stone, A., Taylor, M., Wang, D., Xu, K. 2010. RosBREED: Enabling Marker-Assisted Breeding In Rosaceae. Plant and Animal Genome Conference. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: RosBREED will create a national, dynamic, sustained effort in research, infrastructure establishment, training, and extension for applying marker-assisted breeding (MAB) to deliver improved plant materials more efficiently and rapidly. The Rosaceae family (including apple, peach, sweet and tart cherries, and strawberry) provides vital contributions to human health and well-being, and collectively constitutes the economic backbone of many U.S. rural communities. Rosaceae genetics and genomics are developing rapidly but have not been translated to routine practical application. Specific objectives are to: (1) enhance the likelihood of new cultivar adoption, enlarge market potential, and increase consumption of rosaceous fruits by using socio-economic knowledge of stakeholder values and consumer preferences to inform breeding; (2) establish sustainable technical infrastructure for an efficient MAB Pipeline in Rosaceae, including crop-specific SNP genome scan platforms for breeding-relevant germplasm exploiting the shared ancestry of Rosaceae crops; (3) integrate breeding and genomics resources by establishing a user-friendly U.S.-wide standardized statistical framework and breeding information management system; (4) implement MAB in core RosBREED breeding programs with a common focus on fruit quality traits; and (5) enhance sustainability of cultivar development by transferring MAB technologies to the public and private community of U.S. Rosaceae breeders through training current and future breeders as well as engaging the production, processing and marketing sectors, allied scientists, and consumers. RosBREED funding is provided from the USDA-SCRI, award number 2009-51181-05808.