Submitted to: Stewart Postharvest Review
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/4/2010
Publication Date: 3/1/2010
Citation: Janisiewicz, W.J., Conway, W.S. 2010. Combining biological control with physical and chemical treatments to control fruit decays after harvest. Stewart Postharvest Review. 6(1):1-16.
Technical Abstract: This article reviews research on combining alternatives to conventional fungicide treatment with biological control to reduce postharvest decays on fruits. The basis for selection of the alternative treatments, the effectiveness of the combined treatments, and feasibility and readiness of their implementation are discussed. Biological control can be easily combined with a variety of other alternative treatments, which results in an additive or even a synergistic effect in improving the control of fruit decays. The effectiveness of the combined treatments was often comparable with conventional fungicide treatments. The combinations were often complementary, and the alternative treatments provided an eradicative effect that was short lived, while biocontrol had a long lasting effect on protecting the wounds. More large scale trials are needed to prove the feasibility of combining these treatments. The cost analysis of these treatments were also needed in order to determine the practicality of their implementation. To increase the spectrum of pathogens which can be successfully controlled, research is needed to address other host/pathogen interactions, especially latent infections of fruits.