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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinios » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Bio-oils Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #249237

Title: Surfactant effects on bio-based emulsions used as lubrication fluids

item Doll, Kenneth - Ken
item Sharma, Brajendra

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/6/2010
Publication Date: 4/15/2011
Citation: Doll, K.M., Sharma, B.K. 2011. Surfactant effects on bio-based emulsions used as lubrication fluids. In: Biresaw, G., Mittal, K.L., editors. Surfactants in Tribology. Vol 2. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis. p. 173-190.

Interpretive Summary: The interpretative summary is not required on a book chapter.

Technical Abstract: The successful formulation of a lubricating emulsion requires carefully balancing the mixture of base oil, water and a plethora of additives. The factors that affect the performance of lubrication emulsions range from the macroscopic stability to the microscopic surface properties of the base oil. Presented is a review of some of the large body of literature devoted to this subject. Also presented is a short study on the use of chemically modified vegetable oil based aqueous emulsions and their performance in a variety of lubrication tests. Of note is that their coefficient of lubrication, a measure of how well a lubricant emulsion compares to that of its corresponding base oil, is at or above 1.0 for the biobased systems, and only ~0.5 for a petroleum-based lubricant.