Submitted to: Zootaxa
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/20/2009
Publication Date: 3/12/2010
Citation: Norrbom, A.L., Sutton, B.D., Steck, G.J., Monzon, J. 2010. New genera, species and host plant records of Nearctic and Neotropical Tephritidae (Diptera). Zootaxa. 2398:1-65. Interpretive Summary: Fruit flies include some of the most important pests of fruits and vegetables, annually causing billions of dollars in losses worldwide. Other species are beneficial as biological control agents of weedy plants. To prevent the spread of the pest species and properly utilize the beneficial species, it is critical that accurate and rapid taxonomic tools (descriptions, illustrations, identification keys) are available for all species of fruit flies. This publication provides such tools for groups of fruit flies from North, Central and South America. It also includes descriptions of previously unknown species, improvements in classification, and new distribution and host plant records. This information will be useful to APHIS-PPQ and other regulatory agencies responsible for quarantines to prevent the spread of pest fruit flies and for detecting new pest introductions into the U.S.
Technical Abstract: Three new genera and 5 new species of Tephritidae (Diptera) are described from the Nearctic and Neotropical Regions. The new genera are: Agallamyia Norrbom (type species: A. pendula Norrbom, n. sp.), Neosphaeniscus Norrbom (type species: Euribia m-nigrum Hendel), and Phacelochaeta Norrbom (type species: Procecidochares quinquefasciata Hendel). The new species include: Acidogona stecki Norrbom (Guatemala, Mexico: Chiapas), Agallamyia pendula Norrbom (Guatemala), Phacelochaeta obliqua Norrbom (Ecuador), Procecidochares suttoni Norrbom (Guatemala), Stenopa mexicana Norrbom (Mexico). Five new generic synonyms are proposed: Cecidocharella Hendel, 1936 with Dracontomyia Becker, 1919, Gerrhoceras Hering, 1942 with Pyrgotoides Curran, 1934, Stoneola Hering, 1941 with Rhagoletis Loew, 1862, Strobelia Rondani, 1868 with Rachiptera Bigot, 1859, and Xenochaeta Snow, 1894 with Acidogona Loew, 1873. The following 40 new combinations are proposed: Acidogona dichromata (Snow), Dictyotrypeta crenulata (Wulp), D. incisa (Wulp), Dioxyna crockeri (Curran), Dracontomyia tucumana (Aczél), D. borrichia (Bush & Huettel), and D. elegans (Hendel), Homoeothrix aberrans (Schiner), Neosphaeniscus m-nigrum (Hendel) and N. flexuosus (Bigot), Phacelochaeta quinquefasciata (Hendel) and P. quinquevittata (Norrbom), Plaumannimyia ameghinoi (Brèthes), P. coelestina (Hering), P. delicatella (Blanchard), P. difficilis (Malloch), P. dolores (Hering), P. eugenia (Wulp), P. flava (Adams), P. hestiae (Hendel), P. imitatrix (Hering), P. miseta (Hering), P. plagiata (Blanchard), P. scutellata (Séguy), P. setulosa (Malloch), P. subaster (Malloch), P. suspecta (Malloch), P. thomsoni (Hendel), P. titschacki (Hering), and P. valdesiana (Gandolfo & Norrbom), Pyrgotoides paradoxus (Hering) and P. peruvianus (Korytkowski), Rachiptera alboguttata (Hendel), R. baccharidis (Rondani), R. bimaculata (Hendel), R. ferruginea (Hendel), R. lutulenta (Hendel), R. parallela (Hendel), and R. rubiginosa (Rondani), and Rhagoletis fuscobasalis (Hering). A lectotype is designated for R. fuscobasalis. New distribution and host plant records also are reported.