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Title: Validation of Soil Temperature Dataset against Ground Measurements in Oklahoma

item Holmes, Thomas
item Jackson, Thomas
item REICHLE, R - National Aeronautics And Space Administration (NASA)
item BASARA, J - University Of Oklahoma

Submitted to: American Geophysical Union
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/15/2009
Publication Date: 12/14/2009
Citation: Holmes, T.R., Jackson, T.J., Reichle, R., Basara, J. 2009. Validation of soil temperature dataset against ground measurements in Oklahoma [abstract]. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplements. 90(52)H4D-07.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: In the near future two dedicated soil moisture satellites will be launched (SMOS and SMAP), both carrying an L-band radiometer. It is well known that microwave soil moisture retrieval algorithms must account for the physical temperature of the emitting surface. Solutions to this include: difference, or ratio indices; forecast model products; thermal infrared satellite observations; and high frequency passive microwave estimates. The availability of multifrequency observations in the same data stream has made the use of high frequency temperature estimates, specifically 37 GHz (Ka-band), an attractive option. SMOS and SMAP will not include a 37 GHz (Ka-band) microwave radiometer. Therefore, alternative algorithms and data sources will be utilized and explored. One proposed approach is the use of temperature output from numerical weather prediction (NWP) models. This temperature estimate will need to closely match the spatial resolution and the overpass time of SMOS and SMAP (between 6 and 7 am/pm local time). To date, very little analysis has been performed to assess the accuracy of the NWP forecasts in terms of land surface temperature. In addition, the relationship between the model products and the requirements of radiative transfer and soil moisture retrieval algorithm temperature requirements needs to be assessed. The goal of this paper is to set up a validation framework that can be applied to NWP outputs. In this investigation, we use in situ data from the Oklahoma Mesonet (at 5 cm) to assess the near surface soil temperature from the Modern Era Retrospective-analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA).