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ARS Home » Plains Area » Las Cruces, New Mexico » Range Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #244074

Title: Does livestock grazing influence spatial patterns of woody plant proliferation?

item Browning, Dawn
item ARCHER, STEVEN - University Of Arizona
item FRANKLIN, JANET - Arizona State University
item GUERTIN, D. PHILLIP - University Of Arizona

Submitted to: Ecological Society of America Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/15/2009
Publication Date: 8/2/2009
Citation: Browning, D.M., Archer, S.R., Franklin, J., Guertin, D. 2009. Does livestock grazing influence spatial patterns of woody plant proliferation [abstract]? Ecological Society of America, 94th Annual Meeting, August 2-8, 2009, Albuquerque, New Mexico. COS 127-10.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Patterns of woody plant proliferation in grasslands and savannas influence rates of erosion, spread of disturbance, and nutrient pools.  Spatial pattern is the outcome of plant dispersal, recruitment, competition/facilitation, and disturbance. We quantified effects of livestock grazing, a widely cited driver of shrub encroachment, on the spatial patterns of velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina) distribution and recruitment in southeastern Arizona.  Field surveys of plant canopy size and location spanning 74 years (1932, 1948, and 2006) were conducted on areas grazed by livestock since the late 1800s and on areas protected from livestock since 1932.  Point pattern analysis and Moran’s I were used to quantify changes in distribution and spatial autocorrelation over time.