|Gifford, K Dun|
Submitted to: Nutrition Reviews
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2009
Publication Date: 5/1/2009
Citation: Foreyt, J.P., Salas-Salvado, J., Caballero, B., Bullo, M., Gifford, K.D., Bautista, I., Serra-Majem, L. 2009. Weight-reducing diets: Are there any differences? Nutrition Reviews. 67(Suppl.1):S99-S101. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: This paper compares the efficacy of two widely used weight-loss diets differing in macronutrient composition - a low-carbohydrate diet versus a low-fat diet. Although "a calorie is a calorie" under the controlled conditions of a metabolic unit (i.e., only the level of calorie intake matters and not the source of calories), we conclude that these interrelationships are far more complex in the free-living situation. The different diet-related factors that condition energy balance, including total energy intake, satiety and hunger sensory triggers, and palatability, must be considered when assessing the efficacy of weight-reducing diets of different macronutrient composition.