Location: Children's Nutrition Research CenterTitle: Dietary & health predictors associated with overweight & obesity in young adults: the Bogalusa Heart Study Author
Submitted to: Journal of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/1/2008
Publication Date: 4/1/2009
Citation: Deshmukh-Taskar, P.R., Mendoza, J.A., Nicklas, T.A., Liu, Y., Berenson, G.S. 2009. Dietary & health predictors associated with overweight & obesity in young adults: the Bogalusa Heart Study [abstract]. FASEB J. 23:551.25. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: We examined independent associations between diet and lifestyle behaviors; differences in markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); and self-reported health problems among normal weight (NW); overweight (OW), and obese (OB) young adults. Cross-sectional data on participants (n =1214, 19-39 years, 74.1% whites, 60.8% women) from a semi-rural community of Louisiana were analyzed using covariate-adjusted multinomial logistic regression, ANOVA and Cochran-Armitage trend test. OB participants had lower odds of consuming dairy products (OR=0.77; CI=0.62-0.96); fruits/100% juices/vegetables (OR=0.83; CI=0.75-0.93); and alcohol (OR=0.16; CI=0.06-0.37) than NW. OB participants had higher odds of consuming burgers/sandwiches (OR=2.81; CI=1.52-5.20); processed meats (OR=6.95; CI=2.20-21.96); high-fat-miscellaneous foods (OR=1.60; CI=1.02 -2.51); sweetened beverages (OR=1.20; CI=1.01-1.43); and diet beverages (OR=1.27; CI=1.02-1.58) than NW. Compared to NW, OB individuals had higher odds of being physically inactive (OR=2.65; CI=1.64-4.29) & lower odds of being smokers (OR=0.83; CI=0.71-0.97). Diet explained 4-9%, and smoking, and physical activity together explained 3-7%, of the variance in OW and OB. Risk markers for CVD/T2DM (p<.05) and obesity-related health problems (p<.05) increased with increasing OW. OW/OB young adults may benefit from modifying dietary and lifestyle behaviors.