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Location: Children's Nutrition Research Center

Title: Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multi-racial cohort: The HEALTHY study

item Kaufman, Francine
item Hirst, Kathryn
item Linder, Barbara
item Baranowski, Tom
item Cooper, Dan
item Foster, Gary
item Goldberg, Linn
item Harrell, Joanne
item Marcus, Marsha
item Trevino, Roberto

Submitted to: Diabetes Care
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/3/2008
Publication Date: 2/5/2009
Citation: Kaufman, F., Hirst, K., Linder, B., Baranowski, T., Cooper, D., Foster, G., Goldberg, L., Harrell, J., Marcus, M., Trevino, R. 2009. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multi-racial cohort: The HEALTHY study. Diabetes Care. 32(5):953-955.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: HEALTHY is a 3-year middle school intervention program designed to reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes risk factors at baseline in a cohort of 6,358 sixth-grade students is reported. Forty-two schools at seven U.S. sites were randomly assigned to intervention or control. Students participated in baseline data collection during fall of 2006. Overall, 49.3% of children had BMI >or=85th percentile, 16.0% had fasting blood glucose >or=100 mg/dl (<1% had fasting blood glucose >or=126 mg/dl), and 6.8% had fasting insulin >or=30 microU/ml. Hispanic youth were more likely to have BMI, glucose, and insulin levels above these thresholds than blacks and whites. Sixth-grade students in schools with large minority populations have high levels of risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The HEALTHY intervention was designed to modify these risk factors to reduce diabetes incidence.