Submitted to: Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/29/2009
Publication Date: 7/30/2009
Citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2009. Vitamin D Addendum to USDA Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies 3.0: Database developed for estimating vitamin D intakes from food and water in What We Eat In America, NHANES 2005-2006. Available: http://www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/fsrg.
Interpretive Summary: Vitamin D has emerged as a critical nutrient because of its role in bone health and its potential link with other diseases and conditions. However, estimates of dietary vitamin D intake from food were not available until now. Vitamin D data, recently updated and expanded in the National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR), Release 22, were used to develop a special database of vitamin D values for food items reported in What We Eat in America, NHANES 2005-2006. The database, which represents the sum of values for both ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), will provide nutrition researchers and public health policymakers an important tool to assess vitamin D intakes for the U.S. population. This database is available on the Food Surveys Research Group Web site at http://www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/fsrg.
Technical Abstract: Vitamin D has been identified as a nutrient of top public health concern because of its role in bone health and its link to other diseases and conditions. However, there are many knowledge gaps in the study of vitamin D, including lack of updated analytical data and accurate intake estimates from national monitoring. Hence, a special database of vitamin D values has been developed for all foods reported in What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (WWEIA, NHANES) 2005-2006 for the purpose of estimating usual intakes of vitamin D from food. This database is an addendum to the Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies (FNDDS) 3.0 used to code dietary intakes and to calculate nutrients for WWEIA, NHANES 2005-2006. Vitamin D data recently updated and expanded in the National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) Release 22 served as the primary source for this project. The vitamin D values, expressed as micrograms per 100 grams of edible portion, represent the sum of ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), for 4,561 food items. This database is available on the Food Surveys Research Group Web site at http://www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/fsrg.