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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Columbia, Missouri » Plant Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #241680

Title: Gene Flow in Genetically Engineered Perennial Grasses: Lessons for Modification of Dedicated Bioenergy Crops

item KAUSCH, ALBERT - University Of Rhode Island
item HAGUE, JOEL - University Of Rhode Island
item Oliver, Melvin
item WATRUD, LIDIA - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
item MALLORY-SMITH, CAROL - Oregon State University
item MEIER, VIRGIL - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item SNOW, ALLISON - The Ohio State University
item STEWART, NEAL - University Of Tennessee

Submitted to: Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/11/2009
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Genetic modification of dedicated bioenergy crops, such as switchgrass, will play a major role in crop improvement for a wide range of beneficial traits specific to biofuels. One obstacle that arises regarding transgenic improvement of perennials used for biofuels is the propensity of these plants to be open pollinated with the undesirable capacity of outcrossing to non-transgenic and wild relative species. We examine previous work on pollen-mediated and seed-mediated gene flow of genetically modified grasses, in particular herbicide resistant traits, relevant to gene flow in grasses providing a perspective on the implementation of this technology for improvement of perennial bioenergy crops.