|Kolmer, James - Jim|
Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/3/2009
Publication Date: 8/28/2009
Publication URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10113/37942
Citation: Griffey, C.A., Thomason, W.E., Pitman, R.M., Beahm, B.R., Paling, J.J., Chen, J., Fanelli, J.K., Kenner, J.C., Dunaway, D.W., Brooks, W.S., Vaughn, M.E., Hokanson, E.G., Behl, H.D., Corbin, R.A., Custis, J.T., Waldenmaier, C.M., Starner, D.E., Gulick, S.A., Ashburn, S.R., Jones, E.H., Whitt, C.M., Souza, E.J., Bockelman, H.E., Long, D.L., Jin, Y., Chen, X., Cambron, S.E. 2009. Registration of ‘5205’ Wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations. 3(3):283-288. Interpretive Summary: "5205" soft red winter wheat is a new cultivar released by the Virginia Polytechnical Institute for wheat growers in the mid-Atlantic region of the eastern US. The Soft Wheat Quality Laboratory provided quality evaluations and interpretation of the appropriate uses of this wheat cultivar.
Technical Abstract: The soft red winter (SRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar ‘5205’ (Reg. No. CV-, PI) was developed by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station and released in March 2008. Cultivar 5205 was derived from the three-way cross Pioneer Brand ‘2684’ (PI 566923 PVPO) / VA93-54-185 // ’Pocahontas’ (PI 602598, Griffey et al., 2001). Cultivar 5205 is broadly adapted, high yielding, mid-season maturity, short in stature, semidwarf (Rht2), and has very good milling and pastry baking quality. It also is notably resistant to powdery mildew [Blumeria graminis (DC) E.O. Speer], leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks.) and stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis Westend.) and moderately resistant to fusarium head blight [Fusarium graminearum (Schwabe)]. In Virginia, average grain yield (2006 – 2008) of cultivar 5205 (6114 kg ha-1) has been equal to that of the highest yielding cultivars. In USDA-ARS uniform southern SRW wheat nursery trials conducted at 26 locations in 2006 and at 19 locations in 2007, cultivar 5205 produced average grain yields of 5362 and 4488 kg ha-1, respectively, in comparison to nursery mean yields of 5180 kg ha-1 in 2006 and 4146 kg ha-1 in 2007. In comparison to check cultivars in the uniform southern nursery, cultivar 5205 is most similar in milling quality to ‘AGS 2000’ (PI 612956, Johnson et al., 2002), which ranks 25th among 830 soft wheat cultivars evaluated by the USDA-ARS Soft Wheat Quality Lab for Allis milling quality. Cultivar 5205 has softer flour texture (softness equivalent of 61.1% vs. 57.5%), stronger gluten strength (lactic acid solvent retention capacity of 118 vs. 107), and produces cookies that are larger in diameter (18.58 vs. 17.75 cm) than AGS 2000.