Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/26/2008
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Ethanol production by fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass-derived sugars involves a fairly ancient art and an ever-evolving science. Production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass is not avant-grade and wood ethanol plants have been in existence since at least 1915. Most current ethanol production relies on starch and sugar based crops as the substrate; however, limitations of these materials and competing value for human and animal feeds is renewing interest in lignocellulose conversion. Herein, we describe methods for both simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) and a similar but separate process for partial saccharification and co-fermentation (PSCF) of lignocellulosic biomass for ethanol production using yeasts or pentose-fermenting engineered bacteria. These methods are applicable for small-scale preliminary evaluation of ethanol production from a variety of biomass sources.