Submitted to: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/2008
Publication Date: 3/15/2009
Citation: Santos, I.K., Lunney, J.K., Ferreira, B.R. 2009. Editorial of the 8th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium held 08/15-19/2007 in Ouro Preto, Brazil 2007. Special Issue-Veterinary Immunology Immunopathology: 128(1-3):1-289. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: This is the Special Issue of Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. that summarizes the 8th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium (8 th IVIS) held August 15th-19th, 2007, in Ouro Preto, Brazil. The 8 th IVIS highlighted the importance of veterinary immunology for animal health, vaccinology, reproductive immunity and numerous areas of basic and applied immunobiology. Research was reported by 390 delegates from 30 countries and covered a wide range of research on the immune systems of domestic and wild animals, how they are activated and regulated, their functions for defense against pathogens and stress, and their influence by host genetics, endocrinology and nutrition. Topics included comparative immunology which sheds light on evolution of the immune system. Data indicates high levels of conservation of components of the innate immune system between invertebrates and vertebrates and underscore the interfaces being discovered that affect the ability of the innate response to determine the outcome of the adaptive immune response. Different species rely on different immune strategies to control pathogens. Many infectious disease and vaccine models were presented. Strategies to improve vaccination for veterinary and companion animal species were presented. Scientists highlighted how veterinary species have proven to be better models for human disease than the mouse. This underscores the fundamental role of Veterinary Immunology in promoting knowledge, human and animal health and improved production systems. As addressed during all the previous IVIS meetings, the availability of immunological reagents specific for species of veterinary interest still lags behind the demand and what is available for human and mouse immunology. Advances in genomics has only partly ameliorated this problem because they still do not substitute detection of proteins as a means for obtaining as complete a phenotype for cellular populations and probably will never be able to determine the place of these populations in the architecture and organization of cellular reactions to danger signals. Numerous scientific questions have been successfully addressed by Veterinary Immunologists worldwide; numerous remain to be answered.