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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MANAGEMENT OF GENETIC RESOURCES FOR VITIS, PRUNUS, JUGLANS, FICUS, OLEA, PISTACIA, PUNICA, DIOSPYROS, ACTINIDIA, AND MORUS

Location: Nat'l Clonal Germplasm Rep - Tree Fruit & Nut Crops & Grapes

Title: Multiple origins of cultivated grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. ssp. sativa) based on chloroplast DNA polymorphisms.)

Author
item Arroyo-garcia, R.
item Ruiz-garcia, L.
item Bolling, L.
item Octete, R.
item Lopez, M.a.
item Arnold, C.
item Ergul, A.
item Soylemezoglu, G.
item Uzun, H.i.
item Cabello, F.
item Ibanez, J.
item Aradhya, Mallikarjuna
item Antanassov, A.
item Balint, S.
item Cenis, J.l.
item Constantini, L.
item Gorislavets, S.
item Grando, M.
item Klein, B.
item Mcgovern, P.
item Merdinoglu, D.
item Pejic, I.
item Pelsy, F.
item Primikirios, N.
item Risovannaya, V.
item Roubelakis-angelakia, K.
item Snoussi, H.
item Sotiri, P.
item Tamhankar, S.
item This, P.
item Troshin, L.
item Malpica, J.
item Lefort, F.
item Martinez-zapater, J.

Submitted to: Molecular Ecology
Publication Type: Popular publication
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/2/2006
Publication Date: 10/1/2006
Citation: Arroyo-Garcia, R., Ruiz-Garcia, L., Bolling, L., Octete, R., Lopez, M., Arnold, C., Ergul, A., Soylemezoglu, G., Uzun, H., Cabello, F., Ibanez, J., Aradhya, M.K., Antanassov, A., Balint, S., Cenis, J., Constantini, L., Gorislavets, S., Grando, M.S., Klein, B.Y., Mcgovern, P.E., Merdinoglu, D., Pejic, I., Pelsy, F., Primikirios, N., Risovannaya, V., Roubelakis-Angelakia, K.A., Snoussi, H., Sotiri, P., Tamhankar, S., This, P., Troshin, L., Malpica, J.M., Lefort, F., Martinez-Zapater, J.M. 2006. Multiple origins of cultivated grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. ssp. sativa) based on chloroplast DNA polymorphisms.. Molecular Ecology 15: 3707-3714

Interpretive Summary: The domestication of the Eurasian grape (Vitis vinifera ssp. sativa) from its wild ancestor (Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris) has long been claimed to have occurred in Transcaucasia where its greatest genetic diversity is found and where very early archaeological evidence, including grape pips and artefacts of a 'wine culture', have been excavated. Whether from Transcaucasia or the nearby Taurus or Zagros Mountains, it is hypothesized that this wine culture spread southwards and eventually westwards around the Mediterranean basin, together with the transplantation of cultivated grape cuttings. However, the existence of morphological differentiation between cultivars from eastern and western ends of the modern distribution of the Eurasian grape suggests the existence of different genetic contribution from local sylvestris populations or multilocal selection and domestication of sylvestris genotypes. To tackle this issue, we analysed chlorotype variation and distribution in 1201 samples of sylvestris and sativa genotypes from the whole area of the species' distribution and studied their genetic relationships. The results suggest the existence of at least two important origins for the cultivated germplasm, one in the Near East and another in the western Mediterranean region, the latter of which gave rise to many of the current Western European cultivars. Indeed, over 70% of the Iberian Peninsula cultivars display chlorotypes that are only compatible with their having derived from western sylvestris populations.

Technical Abstract: The domestication of the Eurasian grape (Vitis vinifera ssp. sativa) from its wild ancestor (Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris) has long been claimed to have occurred in Transcaucasia where its greatest genetic diversity is found and where very early archaeological evidence, including grape pips and artefacts of a 'wine culture', have been excavated. Whether from Transcaucasia or the nearby Taurus or Zagros Mountains, it is hypothesized that this wine culture spread southwards and eventually westwards around the Mediterranean basin, together with the transplantation of cultivated grape cuttings. However, the existence of morphological differentiation between cultivars from eastern and western ends of the modern distribution of the Eurasian grape suggests the existence of different genetic contribution from local sylvestris populations or multilocal selection and domestication of sylvestris genotypes. To tackle this issue, we analysed chlorotype variation and distribution in 1201 samples of sylvestris and sativa genotypes from the whole area of the species' distribution and studied their genetic relationships. The results suggest the existence of at least two important origins for the cultivated germplasm, one in the Near East and another in the western Mediterranean region, the latter of which gave rise to many of the current Western European cultivars. Indeed, over 70% of the Iberian Peninsula cultivars display chlorotypes that are only compatible with their having derived from western sylvestris populations.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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