Submitted to: Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/20/2008
Publication Date: 12/15/2008
Publication URL: esa.confex.com/esa/2008/webprogram/Paper36418.html
Citation: Gutierrez, J.D., Backus, E.A., Yokomi, R.K., Schreiber, F. 2008. Differential stylet penetration behaviors of two Aphis gossypii biotypes in relation to host or vector infection with Citrus tristeza virus. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting. Paper No. 36418. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is one of the most important citrus disease agents worldwide. The impact of CTV on American agriculture has been significant, affecting 50 million trees with economic losses of several hundred million dollars. In California, this virus is predominantly transmitted by two distinct Aphis gossypii biotypes, the cotton and melon aphids. Stylet penetration behaviors performed by cotton and melon aphids were recorded on ‘Mexican lime’ and ‘Madame Vinous’ citrus plants using the Giga8 DC Electrical Penetration Graph (EPG) monitor. Five, 2-way factorial tests were performed to compare feeding activities of each biotype on CTV-infected vs. non-infected citrus plants. Different tests compared inoculative vs. non-inoculative aphids, to determine whether presence of CTV in either plant or insect had an effect on aphid feeding activity. Each aphid was recorded for 12 hours. All DC EPG waveforms were measured and statistically analyzed for duration and frequency. Non-inoculative cotton aphids displayed the phloem salivation waveform (E1) more frequently than did melon aphids, however melon aphid displayed the phloem ingestion waveform (E2) more frequently. Although some studies do not discriminate between the two biotypes, this study suggests that the melon aphid is better at acquiring CTV whereas the cotton aphid is better at inoculating CTV.