Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/15/2008
Publication Date: 6/15/2008
Citation: Chang, S., Condon, B.D., Siragusa, G.R., Parikh, D.V. 2008. Durability and Antimicrobial Properties for Flame Resistant Cotton. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference. CDROM. p.1796-1797
Technical Abstract: In this presentation we will discuss the design, synthesis, and characterization of new epoxy phosphonate monomers that impart flame resistance to cotton regardless of fabric construction. Furthermore, we will discuss formulations, textile treatments, and the extent of flame protection the new compounds provide plain weave, twill, and fleece fabrics as observed by standard vertical flame and limiting oxygen index (LOI) tests. Complete structural characterization of new compounds will be provided by nuclear magnetic resonance techniques in the solution and solid states involving 1H, 13C, and 15N nuclei. Data from thermogravimetric (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) along with flammability test data will illustrate the usefulness of the new treatments in traditional and emerging market applications. In addition, we will discuss the effects of laundering on textile flammability as well as preliminary antimicrobial properties.