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Title: Polyacrylamide molecular weight and phosphogypsum effects on infiltration and erosion in semi-arid soils

Author
item Iliasson, Amrax
item Shainberg, Isaac
item Skidmore, Edward
item Levy, Guy

Submitted to: International Soil Conservation Organization Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/26/2007
Publication Date: 5/18/2007
Citation: Mamedov A.I., I. Shainberg, E. L. Skidmore and G.J. Levy. 2008. Polyacrylamide molecular weight and phosphogypsum effects on infiltration and erosion in semi-arid soils [CD-ROM]. Proceedings International Soil Conservation Organization (ISCO) “Climate Change and Environmental Sensitivity” May 18-23, 2008, Budapest, Hungary. 4 p.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Seal formation at the surface of semi-arid soils during rainstorms reduces soil infiltration rate (IR) and causes runoff and erosion. Surface application of dry anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) with high molecular weight (MW) has been found to be effective in stabilizing soil aggregates, and decreasing seal formation, runoff and erosion. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of surface application of granular PAM (20 kg ha-1) of two MW (2x105 and 1.2x107 Dalton) together with phosphogypsum (PG) (4 Mg ha-1) on the IR, runoff and erosion from sem-arid soils ranging in clay content between 8 and 65 percent, during simulated deionized water rainstorms. Spreading dry PAM (both MWs) mixed with PG was effective in increasing soil IR (3-5 times) and reducing erosion (2 - 4 times) relative to the control. PAM with moderate MW was as effective as PAM with high MW in its effect on IR and runoff. Conversely, PAM with moderate MW was more effective in reducing soil loss than PAM with high MW. For instance, in the sandy clay, application of amendments resulted in comparable final IR values (15.2 and 15.9 mm h-1), while soil loss decreased from 838 g m-2 (in the control) to 371 and 569 g m-2 for the PAM with moderate and high MW, respectively. Our results were not consistent with former studies on the effects of PAM MW, probably due to differences in the methods of PAM application and soil types.