Submitted to: United States Animal Health Association Proceedings
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/24/2007
Publication Date: 6/1/2008
Citation: O'Toole, D., Li, H. 2008. Malignant Catarrhal Fever. In: Brown, C., Torres, A., editors. United States Animal Health Association - Foreign Animal Diseases. Seventh Edition. Boca Raton, FL: Boca Publications Group, Inc. p. 325-334. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) is a frequently fatal viral disease of ruminant species, particularly cattle, bison, and deer. Clinical signs vary between species. Two major epidemiologic types of MCF exist, and are defined by the ruminant species that serve as natural reservoir hosts for infection. One, the African form, is generally referred to as wildebeest-associated MCF. The other is sheep-associated MCF. The wildebeest-associated MCF is considered a foreign animal disease by the United States. This chapter generally describes the etiology and epidemiology of the disease, and also discusses clinical signs and post-mortem lesions, as well as diagnosis and prevention, aiming to provide the key information for veterinarians.