|Rodriguez Zaragoza, Salvador|
Submitted to: Applied Soil Ecology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/1/2007
Publication Date: 4/2/2007
Citation: Rodriguez Zaragoza, S., Whitford, W., Steinberger, Y. 2007. Effects of temporally persistent ant nests of soil protozoan communities and the abundance of morphological types of amoeba. Applied Soil Ecology. 37:81-87. Interpretive Summary: Two recent studies reported increased diversity and abundance of soil biota (bacteria, fungi, nematodes, protozoans and microarthropods) in soils associated with harvested ant nests. With one exception, these studies have focused on large body-size seed harvesting ants because they produce large nests which are continuously occupied for several decades, and as central place foragers, accumulate organic matter in the vicinity of the nests. We initiated a detailed study of soil protozoans from soils associated with three species of Chihuahuan Desert ants at five locations on two different catenas. We hypothesized that the protozoan communities associated with persistent ant nest soils would differ significantly from protozoan communities in reference soils.
Technical Abstract: We compared soil protozoan communities near ant nests with soil protozoans in reference soils 5m from the edge of any mounds. We sampled three species of Chihuahuan Desert ants that construct nests that persist for more than a decade: a seed harvester, Pogonomymex rugosus, a liquid feeding honey-pot ant, Myrmecocystus depilis, and a generalist forager, Aphaenogaster cockerelli. Ant colonies were located on different topographic positions on catenas of two watersheds. Total protozoan abundance was higher in P. rugosus nests soils at the tope of a catena and in A. cockerelli nest soils in a grassland than in the respective reference soils. There were qualitative and quantitative differences in protozoan communities associated with the nests of ants at all locations studied. Amoebae were the most abundant protozoans at all locations. Type 1 amoebae (flattened with sub-pseudopodia (like Acanthamoeba) occurred at the highest frequency and was the only amoeba type found in M. depilis nest soils and P. rugosus nest soils at the tope of a catena. Nanoflagellates were associated with P. rugosus and M. depilis nest soils but were absent from reference soils. Ciliates, testate amoebae and nanoflagellates were absent from A. cockerelli reference soils but were present in nest soils. The effects of ants on soil protozoan communities depend on the temporal persistence of the colony, nest building and food handling behavior, topographic position and soil type.