Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/1/2008
Publication Date: 6/1/2008
Citation: O'Neil, C.E., Nicklas, T.A., Metallinos-Katsaras, E., Kalin, S. 2008. Interpreting evidence-based research: Major pediatric and adult nutrition studies. In: Edelstein, S., Sharlin, J., editors. Life Cycle Nutrition An Evidence-Based Approach. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 1-35. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: This section reviewed several epidemiologic studies, some that have been important contributors to dietary recommendations that have been promulgated and some that have potential for informing future recommendations. Although all have limitations, as the perfect study has yet to be conducted, these designs have strong internal validity. Nevertheless, many do not include samples that represent ethnic minorities, and this appears to be the "Achilles' heel" of chronic disease prevention research. Looking to the future, therefore, this gap needs to be filled with more studies that include a larger proportion of ethnic minorities (like DASH and OmniHeart) so that national nutrition policy, which currently is considered to apply to all, can be grounded in research that was not conducted on a primarily white non-Hispanic samples.