Submitted to: CRC Press
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/25/2008
Publication Date: 4/22/2009
Citation: Forney, C.F., Mattheis, J.P., Baldwin, E.A. 2009. Effects on Flavor. In E.A. Yahia, Ed., Modified and Controlled Atmospheres for the Storage, Transportation, and Packaging of Horticultural Commodities. Boca Ratan, FL: CRC Press. p. 119-158.
Technical Abstract: The flavor of fresh fruits and vegetables is an important factor in determining quality and consumer satisfaction. However, there is often dissatisfaction among consumers concerning the flavor of fruits and vegetables. First time purchases are usually based on appearance and firmness, but repeat buys are dependent on internal quality traits such as texture and flavor. The loss/lack of flavor following postharvest handling, storage, and marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables often precedes the loss of visual quality, which has been reported for both whole and fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. Ensuring good flavor is critical to encourage increased consumption, which is important for human health and well being as well as strengthening and expanding markets for the horticultural industry. Postharvest flavor change can be affected by many preharvest as well as postharvest factors. However, the impact of postharvest technologies on product flavor is not always appreciated nor are the biochemical and genetic mechanism regulating flavor understood.