Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/15/2008
Publication Date: 7/6/2008
Citation: Oliver, S.P., Patel, D.A., Callaway, T.R., Torrence, M.E. 2008. Developments and future outlook for preharvest food safety [abstract]. American Society of Animal Science/American Dairy Science Association Joint Annual Meeting, July 7-11, 2008, Indianapolis, Indiana. Journal of Animal Science. 86(Supplement 2):514. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: While the United States food supply is one of the safest in the world, CDC estimates that 76 million people get sick, more than 300,000 are hospitalized, and 5,000 die each year from foodborne illness. Consequently, preventing foodborne illness and death remains a major public health concern. Challenges to providing a safe and nutritious food supply are complex because all aspects of food production – from farm to fork – must be considered. Given the national/international demand and expectations for food safety, as well as the formidable challenges of producing and maintaining a safe food supply, food safety research and educational programs have taken on a new urgency. Remarkable progress has been made during the last century. Sagacious wisdom from a century of animal agriculture research now includes the realization that on-farm pathogens are intricately associated with animal health and well-being, production of high quality food, and profitability. In this review, developments that have occurred over the last few decades will be summarized including types, sources, and levels of disease-causing pathogens encountered in food-producing production operations and their association with food safety; current and future methods to control/reduce foodborne pathogens on the farm; and present and future pre-harvest food safety research directions. Future scientific breakthroughs will no doubt have a profound impact on animal agriculture and production of high quality food, but we will also be faced with moral, ethical, and societal dilemmas that must be reconciled. A strong science-based approach that addresses all the complex issues involved in continuing to improve food safety and public health is necessary to prevent foodborne illnesses. Not only must research be conducted to solve complex food safety issues, but results of that research must be communicated effectively to producers and consumers.