Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/7/2008
Publication Date: 9/1/2008
Citation: Erickson, C.A., Obert, D.E., Burrup, D.E., Blake, K., Dillon, M.A., Wesenberg, D.M., Whitmore, J.C. 2008. Registration of ‘monico’ oat. Journal of Plant Registrations.2(3):197-199.
Interpretive Summary: Monico spring oat was jointly released by the USDA-ARS; the Idaho AES, the Montana AES, and the Colorado AES in 2007. Monico (Mon’ i co) is named after the three states joining in its release (Montana, Idaho, Colorado). Monico is a selection from the cross 83Ab3119/Monida made in 1989 at Aberdeen, ID. The parent 83Ab3119 had the pedigree of Cayuse /76Ab6843. The parent 76Ab6843 had the pedigree of Appaloosa/3/Otana//Coker X848-1-1-2/Cayuse. Monico originated as an F4 spaced plant harvested in 1993 at Aberdeen, Idaho, and was given the selection designation of AbSP9-2. Monico is an early to midseason, relatively tall spring oat with excellent yield potential under both irrigated and rainfed conditions. Monico has equal or higher grain yield than presently grown cultivars and is tall enough for marginal rainfed conditions. Monico has an excellent grain yield record in Idaho and other locations in the West. Between 1995 and 2001, Monico averaged 6755 kg ha-1 when grown under irrigation in Idaho. This was equal to Monida and significantly greater than Otana and Cayuse. On dryland at Tetonia, ID from 1995 to 2002, Monico had a significantly higher yield than Cayuse, Monida, and Otana at 3812 kg ha-1. In the Montana Oat Trials between 1998 and 2005, Monico yielded 6754 kg ha-1 under irrigation, significantly better than Monida and Otana; and 2878 kg ha-1 on dryland, equal to Monida and higher than Otana. Between 1998 and 2006 in the Colorado Spring Oat Trials, Monico averaged 6244 kg ha-1, significantly higher than Monida and Powell. Monico also had good to excellent forage yields in four years of testing in irrigated trials at Center, CO between 1998 and 2006. Monico is similar in appearance to Monida and Otana for plant type and color. Monico was slightly shorter and earlier than Monida over all locations. Monico demonstrated good test weight, a higher thousand kernel weight than both Monida and Otana; a higher groat percent than Monida, but lower than Otana; equal protein as Monida, but lower than Otana; lower '-glucan than both; and similar oil percent as Monida, but higher than Otana.
Technical Abstract: Monico spring oat (Avena sativa L.) was developed cooperatively by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), and the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station (AES). It was jointly released by the USDA-ARS; the Idaho AES, the Montana AES, and the Colorado AES in 2007. Monico was developed utilizing a modified bulk selection program. It is a F4 spaced-plant selection from the cross 83Ab3119/Monida harvested in 1993 at Aberdeen, Idaho. The parent 83Ab3119 had the pedigree of Cayuse/ 76Ab6843 (Appaloosa/3/Otana//Coker X848-1-1-2/Cayuse). Monico is an early to midseason, relatively tall spring oat with excellent yield potential under both irrigated and dryland conditions in Montana, Idaho, and Colorado.