Skip to main content
ARS Home » Midwest Area » Columbia, Missouri » Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #224195

Title: Pesticide Management for Water Quality Protection in the Midwest

item Devlin, Daniel
item Barden, Charles
item Barnes, Philip
item Smeda, Reid
item Bernards, Mark
item Franti, Thomas
item Milner, Maribeth
item Regassa, Teshome
item Shea, Patrick
item Wortmann, Charles
item Lerch, Robert - Bob
item Duncan, Heather
item Phillips, Todd

Submitted to: Extension Reports
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/10/2008
Publication Date: 10/1/2008
Citation: Devlin, D., Barden, C., Barnes, P., Smeda, R., Bernards, M., Franti, T., Milner, M., Regassa, T., Shea, P., Wortmann, C., Lerch, R.N., Duncan, H., Phillips, T. 2008. Pesticide Management for Water Quality Protection in the Midwest. Heartland Regional Water Coordination Initiative. Kansas State University Extension. Publication MF2822.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Pesticides are used to control weed, disease, and insect pests of plants in agricultural, urban, and natural settings. Appropriate pesticide use can enhance the quantity and quality of food, feed, and fiber production and the appearance of landscape plants and areas. However, inappropriate or poorly planned use of pesticides can result in the degradation of surface and ground waters. It is in the best interest of society and the environment that we understand how pesticides affect the environment, what mechanisms control their movement, and which management practices minimize their adverse affects. This publication provides an overview of factors influencing pesticide movement into ground and surface waters in the four-state Heartland region of Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. First, we discuss the benefits of appropriate pesticide use and highlight the risks associated with pesticide movement into ground and surface waters. Second, we describe chemical processes and landscape characteristics that affect pesticide movement and behavior in soil and water. Third, we present best management practices (BMPs) that may be applied to minimize off-site movement of pesticides. Finally, we detail legislation and policies that are used to regulate the use of pesticides. This publication will benefit scientists, government agencies, and growers by providing a concise and comprehensive overview of pesticide management to maximize the benefits of these chemicals and minimize their adverse effects on humans and the environment.